Infantry divisions were set up in waves and the divisions of each wave varied in size, organization and equipment, depending on the availability of men and material and their intended use in the field. Major units above corps level are listed here. 32". For Further Reading. They consisted of a tank regiment with two or three battalions of three companies each, a Panzergrenadier brigade of two or sometimes three regiments, an artillery regiment and the usual support units, including strong battalions of anti-tank and reconnaissance troops. 1. R002384 "BRITISH WEB EQUIPMENT OF THE TWO WORLD WARS; EUROPA MILITARIA NO. Germany's Tables of Organization and Equipment (TOE) Saved by Eddie Smith. Enjoy.Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/ww2freak001Instagram: ww2freak001 Please note: This post contains amazon affiliate links. The organization of the American First Army on the eve of Operation COBRA is pictured here. In addition, by the Western campaign in May 1940, the number of tank divisions had doubled to 10, mainly by converting a number of Light Divisions. Welle) Infanterie-Division (2. Your email address will not be published. All information, figures, specifications and statistics used here had been compiled from a variety of sources and the large, over decades collected, library of the author about military history, WW2 and weapons. The success of the German tank formations in the Blitzkrieg was not due the quality of their tanks, which in some respects were inferior to those of their opponents from 1940 to 1942, but in their organizational and tactical superiority. Its chief was Colonel General Keitel. Now Hitler could ignore the few remaining voices in the Wehrmacht that advised caution, and the German forces were transferred to the West for the invasion of France and the Low countries. The next level up was the Infantry Battalion, which consisted of 1 Battalion Headquarters, 1 Headquarters Company, 1 Support Company, and 4 Rifle Companies. World War II Armed Forces — Orders of Battle and Organizations: Last Updated 30.03.2019 : German WWII Organizational Series Leo W.G. Each had three or four receivers served around the clock by about 20 radiomen. These either are combined as components of battalions, regiments, and divisions, or temporarily grouped in varying combinations as components of task forces or combat groups. Its official ethos is based on three major themes: the ... (Germany had invaded France twice in living memory, in World War I and World War II, and also defeated France in the Franco-German War of 1870/71; (see also French–German enmity). I'm in the fortunate position to combine all my interests with my work and to live on a place of my choice, on Crete. Organization of the Wehrmacht. The German army did not use the men for the low-level work that had been intended, but assigned them instead to the army's 12 major radio stations. 22 June 1941 Armeekorps: Infanterie-Division (1. Welle) Infanterie-Division (5. Their flexible structure, which was based on the battalion instead of the regiment, as well as their first-class training made them powerful opponents, and they had an elite status within the Wehrmacht. The firepower of the regiment consisted of: 4 light motorized infantry divisions, The decisive and lightning, but hard-fought victory over Poland with losses of 10,600 killed, 30,000 wounded and 3,400 missing, surprised the world. Later, I have learned programming and the development of computer games, and finally with the Internet, also web design. The series consists of a modular system of books, dealing in detail with the German Armed Forces ground combat units in World War II. Instruction video about how the German WWII squad was structured. The reconnaissance battalion was equipped with armored reconnaissance vehicles and motorcyclists, and the division also had its own motorized battalion for signals/communications and other services. "Army Group North" became "Army Group Courland", "Army Group Centre" became "Army Group North" and "Army Group A" became "Army Group Centre". This is a list of Imperial German infantry regiments before and during World War I.In peacetime, the Imperial German Army included 217 regiments of infantry (plus the instruction unit, Lehr Infantry Battalion).Some of these regiments had a history stretching back to the 17th Century, while others were only formed as late as October 1912. In theory, the OKW was only Hitler's military office, was charged with translating Hitler's ideas into military orders, and had little real control … The OKWconducted operations in the Western Theatre. of all German armed forces. THE GERMAN WORLD WAR II ORGANIZATIONAL SERIES Available now: 1/I: 01.09.1939: ... a discussion of tables of organization, a discussion of German organizational symbols, several pages depicting and explaining organizational symbols, an order of battle for the corresponding date, as well as a table explaining or translating the abbreviations used. The subunits are depicted in a series of diagrams using official German organizational figure symbols, (pictograms). Wehrmachtsgefolge Auxiliary Organizations. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. 'Army') was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it ceased to exist in 1945 and then formally dissolved in August 1946. As a rule, however, they had a light tank battalion, one or two regiments of mounted infantry with two or three battalions each, a motorized artillery regiment with 24 105 mm leFH field howitzers, an anti-tank battalion with 36 3.7-cm PAK 36 and 12 20 mm Flak 38, and a motorized reconnaissance battalion or a reconnaissance regiment with armored cars. r002684 "the british army in wwii; a handbook on the organization, armament, equipment, ranks, uniforms, etc. The organization and conduct of such Kampfgruppen (battle groups) was so impressive that NATO commanders studied them during the Cold War. There was an HQ and HQ company, three rifle companies (which in turn contained three rifle platoons and one heavy weapons platoon), a heavy weapons company, a medical section and service trains (i.e. The Higher Headquarters parts cover the Army Group, Armies, and the various Corps. Time to take a look a German Squad Tactics in World War 2. The German Army which was built up under the Nazi regime and which challenged the world in 1939 was the final product of this study. Germany not only had to admit its guilt for causing the war, but also lost much territory while its forces were greatly reduced. Saved from wwiivehicles.com. Second, the main source for this is the US Manual “German Squad in Combat” from the Military Intelligence Service released in January 1943. Now in terms of organization and structure, a German Infantry division in 1914 consisted of 2 Infantry brigades, which themselves consisted of 2 Infantry regiments each, which consisted of themselves of 3 infantry battalions and 1 MG Company. 12 3.7cm PAK 36 anti-tank guns, Approximate organization strength of the major types of the German Army divisions in 1939: Approximate organization strength of the major types of the German Army divisions in 1941: Here to Germany Army Unit Organisation 1942-45. Additionally in some cases there were also cavalry, engineer and medical units attached. List of German divisions in World War II; List of World War II military units of Germany This page was last edited on 21 March 2020, at 09:57 (UTC). The original Light Divisions set up in 1937 and 1938 were motorized cavalry formations that varied in their organization. Later, however, it became an integral part of the infantry divisions of the first wave. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. At the age of 17, a man might be called up to serve in the Landsturm 1st Ban, a sort of National Guard for home defense. The artillery regiment was divided into three field artillery Abteilung (sections), each with three batteries of four 105 mm leFH 18 field guns. An infantry division consisted of three infantry regiments (approx. 16,500-17,200 (35 divisions of 1st wave 18,000, 48 (8 x 15cm, 36 x 10.5cm leFH, 4 x 10.5cm guns), 42 (24 x 10.5cm leFH, 12 x 15cm, 6 x 15cm SIG33 SP-guns), 30 (2 x 2cm, 4 x 8.8 cm, 24 x SdKfz 10/4). Germany's Tables of Organization and Equipment (TOE) Saved by Eddie Smith. "Army Group North" became "Army Group Courland", "Army Group Centre" became "Army Group North" and "Army Group A" became "Army … Required fields are marked *. One of the most important and fundamental aspects of WWII German organizationwas the concept of the Wehrkries, or Corps Area. The firm also won many military contracts. In 1939 the German Reich was divided into thirteen geographical military districts, each of which provided the personal for a number of divisions and the regiments’ home bases. From 1943, the lack of available replacements for the Wehrmacht began to become apparent, reducing the division’s TOE strength and introducing a new organization. 4 motorized infantry divisions, "Army Group North" became "Army Group Courland", "Army Group Centre" became "Army Group North" and "Army Group A" became "Army Group Centre". “Military service is honorary service to the German people. 27 5-cm grenade launchers, 2nd Mountain Division 3. Check your inbox or spam folder to confirm your subscription. Sächsische 24. In the infantry battalion there were three rifle companies (about 180 men with one anti-tank platoon), one machine gun company with three machine guns platoons (12 men each and two heavy machine guns) and one heavy mortar platoon with three groups of 19 men each with two 8.1 cm mortars (grenade launchers). Until the start of Operation Barbarossa, the attack on Soviet Russia, the organization of the German divisions was identical to that of the Western campaign in 1940. Between 1933 and 1945, the organization of the Luftwaffe underwent several changes. Each of the tank divisions had two fully motorized infantry regiments, which were to be renamed Panzer Grenadieres in 1942. As this chart shows, the First Army, in addition to commanding the four corps, had a variety of supporting military units under its own command. Klink, E. "The Organization of the German Military High Command in World War II," Revue Internationale d’Histoire Militaire (1980), v. 47 pp. 50. 157, 15… The Royal Saxon 24th Reserve Division (Kgl. 85 light machine guns MG34, 3rd Mountain Division 4. As of April 2020, the German Army had a strength of 64,036 soldiers. The British Army equivalent was the Territorial force. The management of the Army was the responsibility of the Army High Command, the Oberkommando des Heeres (OKH), which included the General Staff although it was the Supreme … The typical strength was two infantry regiments, each consisting of three battalions. The List of World War II military units of Germany contains all military units to serve with the armed forces of Germany during World War II. See also: German Orders of Battle for September 1, 1939. 4th Mountain Division 5. Heer Organization; Glossary of German Military Terms; WW2 Germany Statistics, Numbers, and Losses; WW2 German Identification Documents and Tags; Weapons and equipment; If you have a question about a concept or something specific, you can post a message in our German Armed Forces Forum. Organizations. It approximated to the British battalion, artillery regiment or tank regiment. The Medium Artillery section was originally not a division unit, which was only made available to the artillery regiment. Its chief was Colonel General Keitel. Every German is liable to military service. This division consisted of three infantry regiments (about 2,000 men each), o… Army Commands (Oberbefehlshaber. Organization of the Wehrmacht, Third Reich and Nazi Party with Power balance of Germany during WW2. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. When World War II began, the entire Heer was split into two separate parts. The division was disbanded in 1919 during the demobilization of the German Army after World War I. It is a partial translation of a German publication and using other sources, I could correct some small errors and inconsistencies, nevertheless take everything with … In March 1939, the Wehrmacht Supreme Command Oberkommando der Wehrmacht – or OKW for short – was founded to control the operations of the German armed forces. In peace, it was mandatory to serve in the Army upon a man's 20th birthday. Megargee, G.P. Mountain, ski, and cavalry formations are dealt with in a similar manner. 1 cavalry division. The Wehrmacht alone had 175 infantry divisions in June 1941. At that time there were two and a half million men in the German army, of which the Waffen-SS contributed about 100,000. During World War II, a total of about 13.6 million soldiers served in the German Army.Army personnel were made up of volunteers and conscripts. After 1941 the OKH became the de facto Eastern Theatre higher-echelon command-organization for the Wehrmacht, excluding Waffen-SS except for operational and tactical combat purposes. Welle) Infanterie-Division (7. The brigade consisted of two mounted cavalry regiments and a battalion with mounted artillery. This is a list of formations of the United States Army during the Second World War.Many of these formations still exist today, though many by different designations. Artillery of the Great War. World War II Armed Forces — Orders of Battle and Organizations: Last Updated 02.11.2020: WWII Orders of Battle and Organizations. Fritz Todt (1891-1942) was an engineer who an early supporter of Hitler and the NAZIs. The Wehrmacht directed combat operations during World War II (from 1 September 1939 – 8 May 1945) as the German Reich's armed forces umbrella command-organization. The infantry regiment had its own headquarters with a staff company and a messenger, bicycle and engineer platoon. Some motorized units had platoons with 3 groups and each group being armed with 1 or 2 LMG's. OUR RESEARCH THEMES Select Theme. The Todt Organization was a German construction firm founded by Dr. Fritz Todt. 4,010 talking about this. Two 15-cm infantry guns. Hitler was commander-in-chief of the Wehrmacht, i.e. As this chart shows, the First Army, in addition to commanding the four corps, had a variety of supporting military units under its own command. Bavaria also maintained a separate supply train and air force throughout the war. 129 infantry divisions, Your email address will not be published. The organization of the American First Army on the eve of Operation COBRA is pictured here. The German Army, like the U.S. Army, believes in uniform organization for standard units up to and including companies, troops, and batteries. On January 12, 1945 Hitler renamed three army groups. The 7.65mm Walther was issued only to higher ranking officers. The Nazi German Army, Heer, was formed in May of 1935. In contrast to the practice in most other armies, the engineer battalion and reconnaissance Abteilung were also combat units, often leading the attacks with flamethrowers and anti-tank guns. The anti-tank Abteilung consisted of 24 motorized 3.7-cm PAK 36 and was supplemented by the two regimental anti-tank companies, each of which had nine 3.7-cm-Pak and three (Czech) 4.7-cm-Pak. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. But since more tank divisions were needed, they now had a total strength of 15,600 men with 150 to 200 tanks. On paper, this resulted in a total of 561 tanks, including reserve and staff vehicles. List of German corps in World War II. In addition, the SS Verfügungstruppe (‘disposal troops’; from April 1940 known as Waffen-SS) provided three motorized infantry divisions and a brigade. The regiments were divided into four cavalry squadrons and one ‘heavy’ squadron with six 8 cm mortars and four 7.5 cm cannons with a total strength of about 1,400 men each. P38 came into use together with P08 later in war. Note that each of the four corps contained a different number of divisions. Published in 1945, the U.S. Army technical manual on the German military organization notes the opening clause of the Military Service Law issued by Hitler on May 21, 1935. Two important points, first a squad rarely acted alone on the battlefield, it was used in coordination with other squads of its platoon and/or company. 3,000 men each) and one artillery regiment, as well as supporting division units, such as the anti-tank, signal and reconnaissance Abteilung, as well as ambulance and supply services, the engineer battalion and a field replacement battalion. TheFeldheer (Field Army) was created for the exclusive control of all military operations, andthe Ersatzheer (Replacement Army) was created to control all the training, procurement andadministration of the Heimatkriegsgebiet (Zone of the Interior). It provides a classic case history of how an intelligence organization develops in response to the requirements of intelligence consumers and its success in satisfying them. 5th Mountain Division 6. Organization of the formations and units of the German Army from the Polish campaign til Operation Barbarossa 1941. German Tank Division (1939) – Organization and Structure – Visualization. See also: German Orders of Battle for the campaign in the West, May 1940. Video. 18 8.1-cm grenade launchers, Organization of the formations and units of the German Army from the Polish campaign til Operation Barbarossa 1941. 6 7.5-cm infantry guns and The 35 divisions set up as part of the original wave still had a total strength of almost 18,000 men, while the following wave had a total strength of about 15,000 men. 19 tank divisions Directly assigned subunits of are covered in the normal way. For the attack on Russia, the Wehrmacht deployed The Training of A German Soldier During the Second World War After the Germans lost World War I, the Treaty of Versailles, signed June 28, 1919, set the terms and conditions of peace. anchour. 6th Mountain Division 7. Army / Organization of the Heer. The artillery regiment therefore had two Abteilungen (sections) with eight 7.5 cm guns each, one section with eight 10.5 cm guns and one section with eight 15 cm guns. German Organisation in WW2 German SS Panzergrenadier Company (Motorized) (1944-45) Headquarters 3 Rifle Platoons Headquarters 3 Squads 2 x 9mm SMG 1 x PSK 2 x 7.92mm LMG 2 x G98 Rifle (Assistant LMG Gunners) 4 x G98 Rifle Weapons Platoon Headquarters 2 HMG Squads 2 HMG Sections 1 x 7.92mm HMG Mortar Squad 2 Mortar Sections 1 x 81mm Mortar Anti-tank Squad 4 x PSK See also. Todt was rewarded for supporting Hitler with the contract to build the Autobahn, the first modern highway system. In open terrain, however, against conventionally equipped enemy units, they suffered from their lack of heavy equipment and firepower. The units, formations, and organizations of the Nazi German Army. The following accounting of German divisions by month from September 1939 to May 1945 by front was compiled from the works of Georg Tessin in his epic accounting of the Wehrmacht and Waffen SS titled: Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS 1939-1945. Below is the Script to video, note that this is not an article and is probably not really meaningful without the video. The 24th Reserve Division fought on the … Pistols are P08 (Parabellum). The most important formations in the German army were the division, which consisted of one of the five basic types: infantry, motorized infantry, tank, light or mountain divisions. At the beginning of 1940, however, four infantry divisions were again transformed into ‘Light Divisions’, although their structure was now more that of an infantry division. The army was led by the Army High Command Oberkommando des Heeres – OKH for short – with its general staff. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. The following accounting of German divisions by month from September 1939 to May 1945 by front was compiled from the works of Georg Tessin in his epic accounting of the Wehrmacht and Waffen SS titled: Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS 1939-1945. In terms of organisation, the standard US Army battalion was similar to the British. 14 motorized infantry divisions and In March 1939, the Wehrmacht Supreme Command Oberkommando der Wehrmacht – or OKW for short – was founded to control the operations of the German armed forces . Despite the advent of more modern communications and sensor technology since World War II, similar army group organization has been mostly adhered to in the modern day in conflicts such as Operations Enduring and Iraqi Freedom. 26 heavy machine guns, Welle) Infanterie-Division (4. Bavaria still had it's own nominally independent army, consisting of the I, II and III Bavarian Army Corps. As of April 2020, the German Army had a strength of 64,036 soldiers. They tended to be smaller than Western armies — an infantry army usually controlled 4-8 rifle divisions, with 6 being average. NOTE: VISITING THIS SITE WITH ENABLED AD BLOCKERS IS PROHIBITED ! World War II Armed Forces — Orders of Battle and Organizations: Last Updated 02.11.2020: WWII Orders of Battle and Organizations. Motorized cavalry formations that varied in their organization ground units campaign, however, they from! Check your inbox or spam folder to confirm your subscription newsletter with the latest reports from the Polish they... Bit different that that of Western armies, and after the Polish they... Needed, they suffered from their lack of heavy equipment and firepower MILITARIA NO German! Terms May apply Battle focal points D-Day Encyclopedia division was disbanded in 1919 during the War. Assigned to the Army High Command Oberkommando des Heeres – OKH for short – with its staff! 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